Management works in Amvrakikos Gulf
Restoration of habitats in Strofylia - Kotychi

Restoration of bird nesting islet in Kotychi lagoon

Kotychi islet is the most important nesting site for protected bird species of the entire Natura 2000 site of Strofylia - Kotychi. More than 100 pairs of Collared Pratincoles, Little Terns and Black-winged Stilts nest every year on the islet. Nevertheless, the height of the islet has decreased during the last years due to erosion. The results of this fact were that the islet was flushed by lagoon water and the eggs and the nestlings were destroyed.
The restoration works include the excavation of a channel around the islet and the deposition of the excavation material on the islet in order to be elevated.
This work will firstly contribute to the better circulation of water and will secondly turn the islet into a basic nesting site of the entire protected area, in favor of the bird species of Annex I of the Directive 79/409/EC.

Reed bed management in Kotychi lagoon

The extended and relatively quiet reed bed of Kotychi could constitute an ideal place for feeding and breeding, mainly for the herons and the Marsh Harriers. Six species of herons and Marsh Harriers have been observed at the edge of the reed bed, during the migration and the summer.
However, the homogeneity of the habitat, the inefficiency of open feeding sites and the luck of trees or bushes stand for breeding and nesting constitute basic limiting factors for birds.
The above problems were solved through the rarefaction of the reed bed, the creation of open water sites and the plantations of riparian plants.

Stone Pine Forest management

The Stone Pine forest in Strofylia, which is the biggest and the most beautiful forest among the other three stone pine forests of Greece, has a very low regeneration rate and is gradually being replaced by Pinus halepensis. The application of a pilot forest management and monitoring program in collaboration with the Forestry Services of Patras was essential for forest conservation.
The management actions include the fencing of the forest, the plantations and the seeding of Stone Pine trees. The implementation of LIFE Program actions are expected to contribute to the increase of the Stone Pine habitat size and the regeneration of more than 3000 Stone Pines.

Visitors' access control

The uncontrolled access of vehicles in Strofylia forest and the coastal zone has led to the fragmentation and deterioration of the Stone Pine forest and the destruction of sand dunes.
An extensive project concerning the suppression of many arbitrary streets that cross the forest and the fencing of some parts of the coastal sand dunes that need protection, have taken place in collaboration with the Forestry Department.

Pilot habitat improvement management

The nesting that is taking place in the protected area of Strofylia - Kotychi has been protected through the implementation of the following actions:
1) Electric fencing is placed every year around the colony of Collared Pratincoles, at the salt marches of Metochi, so as they are protected from the flocks of cows crossing the area.
2) A channel and small lakes and islets were constructed at the marsh of Lamia in order to increase the heterogeneity of the site. In this way, new areas of open water and new feeding and resting sites are offered for all the species.
3) Small lakes were created in order to assist the Smooth Newt and the Eastern Spadefoot in their eggs deposition.
4) Three floating rafts were placed at the lagoons of Kotychi and Prokopos in order to secure additional nesting places for the terns and the Little Terns.